Enrica Maria Martino (Università di Torino)
"Early Childcare and Child Non Cognitive Outcomes" (with Daniela Del Boca and Chiara Daniela Pronzato)
In this study, we analyze the impact of formal early childcare on a number ofnon-cognitive child outcomes, conditional on several socio demographic characteristicsof the household and the child. Non cognitive skills were found to be particularlymalleable at young ages and to positively aect cognitive ones, in addition to havingdirect positive impact on a number of later life outcomes. Using a newly available dataset for Northern Italy, we consider the impact of formal childcare on non-cognitiveoutcomes, such as attitudes to schooling, sociability, generosity and reciprocity, as wellas strengths and diculties identied among children born in 2006 at the end of the rstyear of primary school. The results of this research are likely to have important policyimplications, since increasing availability of formal childcare can be an eective policyfor improving subsequent child outcomes and reducing inequality among children fromdierent backgrounds, in addition to facilitating maternal labor market participation.